A total of 39, tonnes of structural steel span the metres 1, feet between Milsons Point and Dawes Point. The largest park in the Sydney metropolitan area is Ku-ring-gai Chase National Park, established in with an area of 15, hectares 59 square miles. The first meeting between the native people and the British occurred on 29 April when Lieutenant James Cook landed at Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula and encountered the Gweagal clan. Significant overseas-born populations . Macquarie served as the last autocratic Governor of New South Wales , from to and had a leading role in the social and economic development of Sydney which saw it transition from a penal colony to a budding free society. Capital cities of Australia. He spent a short time collecting food and conducting scientific observations before continuing further north along the east coast of Australia and claiming the new land he had discovered for Britain.
South Western Sydney, NSW Property for Sale
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The motor vehicle, more than any other factor, has determined the pattern of Sydney's urban development since World War II. Widespread criticism over Sydney's reliance on sprawling road networks, as well as the motor vehicle, have stemmed largely from proponents of mass public transport and high density housing.
There can be up to , cars using Sydney's roads simultaneously during peak hour, leading to significant traffic congestion. Sydney once had one of the largest tram networks in the world. It was the second largest in the British Empire, after London, with routes covering kilometres miles.
The internal combustion engine made buses more flexible than trams and consequently more popular, leading to the progressive closure of the tram network with the final tram operating in It was extended to Lilyfield in and then Dulwich Hill in The Parramatta Light Rail has also been announced.
Bus services today are conducted by a mixture of Government and private operators. In areas previously serviced by trams the government State Transit Authority operates, in other areas, there are private albeit part funded by the state government operators.
Integrated tickets called Opal cards operate on both government and private bus routes. State Transit alone operated a fleet of 2, buses and serviced over million passengers during In total, nearly million boardings were recorded across the bus network  NightRide is a nightly bus service that operate between midnight and 5am, also replacing trains for most of this period.
Train services are operated by Sydney Trains. The organisation maintains stations and kilometres miles of railway and provides million journeys each year. At the time the Sydney Harbour Bridge opened in , the city's ferry service was the largest in the world. It services 46 international and 23 domestic destinations.
Bankstown is also the fourth busiest airport in Australia by number of aircraft movements. Cruise ship terminals are located at Sydney Cove and White Bay.
As climate change , greenhouse gas emissions and pollution have become a major issue for Australia, Sydney has in the past been criticised for its lack of focus on reducing pollution, cutting back on emissions and maintaining water quality.
The development led to the release of the Metropolitan Air Quality Scheme MAQS , which led to a broader understanding of the causation of pollution in Sydney, allowing the government to form appropriate responses to the pollution. Australian cities are some of the most car dependent cities in the world.
It also has a low level of mass-transit services, with a historically low-density layout and significant urban sprawl , thus increasing the likelihood of car dependency. The City of Sydney became the first council in Australia to achieve formal certification as carbon-neutral in The city also has an "urban forest growth strategy", in which it aims to regular increase the tree coverage in the city by frequently planting trees with strong leaf density and vegetation to provide cleaner air and create moisture during hot weather, thus lowering city temperatures.
The One Central Park development, completed in , is an example of this implementation and design. Obtaining sufficient fresh water was difficult during early colonial times. A catchment called the Tank Stream sourced water from what is now the CBD but was little more than an open sewer by the end of the s. The WaterNSW now manages eleven major dams: The two distributors which maintain Sydney's electricity infrastructure are Ausgrid and Endeavour Energy. National and ACT Canberra. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Redirected from Sydney, New South Wales. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 29 September This article is about the Australian metropolis. For the local government area, see City of Sydney.
For other uses, see Sydney disambiguation. City in New South Wales, Australia. History of Sydney and Timeline of Sydney. Climate data for Sydney Observatory Hill. Architecture of Sydney , List of heritage houses in Sydney , and List of tallest buildings in Sydney. Local government areas of New South Wales. Public transport in Sydney. Patronage of Transport for NSW 's Sydney public transport services based on tap on and tap off data from the Opal ticketing system. Environmental issues in Australia.
Climate change in Australia and Renewable energy in Australia. New South Wales portal. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 25 April Estimated resident population, 30 June Archived from the original on 5 April Retrieved 31 March Basic Community Profile" xls. Retrieved 9 April Retrieved 20 September Climate statistics for Australian locations. Retrieved 15 December Retrieved 28 February The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. Retrieved 13 September Encyclopaedia of Ships and Shipping.
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Retrieved 21 April Retrieved 16 November Parramatta Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 6 August Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 11 September Archived from the original on 6 October Archived from the original on 10 April Retrieved 21 February Retrieved 18 March Retrieved 17 April PDF , 1 February Retrieved August 29, Retrieved 19 July Sydney Harbour Federation Trust. Archived from the original on 9 February Sydney Anglicans — a history of the diocese.
Department of Premier and Cabinet. Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 25 January Housing New South Wales. Retrieved 19 October Places, Portraits and Unruly Episodes.
Retrieved 23 January Archived from the original on 25 October Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney. Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 31 August SGS Economics and Planning. Retrieved 22 July Archived from the original on 16 October Archived from the original PDF on 26 August Archived from the original on 18 November Retrieved 30 March Archived from the original on 3 November There are a number of different boundaries for the region.
Sometimes it includes only the areas around the suburbs of Liverpool , Canterbury-Bankstown and Campbelltown. Increasingly, it has also included Macarthur region the local government areas of Camden Council and Wollondilly Shire Council. It may also include the whole area from the inner south-west suburbs around Canterbury and Bankstown to the outer south-west suburbs around Campbelltown and beyond to Camden.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from South-western Sydney. Region in New South Wales, Australia. Retrieved 18 December