ISA conditions and aircraft altitude. Tension is the stress of elongation or stretch. Jeppesen fig , balance tab -para 3. Jeppesen - Avionics Fundamentals, Page fig Things get complicated by the aircraft manufacturers , but this is a way to begin getting a handle on all this.
It was first flown in and remained in service until after the armistice in A Short was the first aircraft to sink a ship using a torpedo, and another was the only British aircraft to take part in the Battle of Jutland.
Design proposals were invited from Sopwith , J. Samuel White and Short Brothers. Horace Short's response when the requirements were explained him by Murray Sueter , the director of the naval air department, was to say "Well, if you particularly want this done, I will produce a seaplane that will satisfy you", and on the strength of this assurance two prototypes were ordered, for which serial nos.
Similar in basic design to earlier Short floatplanes built for the Navy, the Type was an equal-span three-bay tractor configuration biplane. The fuselage was a conventional wire-braced wooden box-girder, with spruce longerons spindled out to reduce weight and fittings of manganese steel. The top surface of the fuselage was faired to a semi-circular section. The engine was mounted on bearers fixed to pressed steel transverse frames mounted between the longerons and the large rectangular radiator was mounted above and behind the engine, directly in front of the upper wing.
The lower wings were parallel-chord, while the upper wings increased in chord from the centre section to the wingtips. The two prototype aircraft had ailerons on the upper wing only.
These were single-acting, relying on the airflow to maintain them in a neutral position unless pulled downwards by using the flight controls. The interplane struts were steel tubing with wood fairings to produce a streamline section. The wings could be swung out from the pilot's position, by means of a hand-winch in the cockpit, locking being accomplished by means of a splined and threaded spigot in the forward spar, locked and unlocked by a quarter-turn in a similar manner to the breech of a field-gun.
In the folded position the wings were supported by a transverse shaft mounted in front of the tailplane: The twin unstepped main floats were carried by a two struts attached to the front cross-tube and two pairs of struts attached to the rear cross-tube, both cross-tubes being arched in the middle to accommodate the torpedo crutches.
The wooden tail float incorporated a small water-rudder actuated by torque tubes connected to the main rudder, and cylindrical air-bags were fitted beneath the lower wing-tips.
The aircraft was fitted with a radio transmitter and receiver, which was powered by a wind-driven generator mounted on a hinged arm so that it could be folded back when not being used,  and other equipment carried included a basket of carrier pigeons , intended to be used as a back-up for the radio in the event of forced landings.
Initial trials revealed a lack of longitudinal control, and the single-acting ailerons caused problems when taxying downwind, so the two prototypes were fitted with lengths of bungee cord attached to control horns on the upper aileron surface to return the aileron to the neutral position. This only produced a marginal improvement, so ailerons were then added to the lower wings, these being fitted to all the aircraft built apart from the two prototypes.
These were linked by cables to the upper ailerons, and the bungee cord to return the ailerons was rigged between the top of the rear interplane struts and the lower ailerons.
The first aircraft flew in early An order for ten more aircraft had already been placed, and aircraft were built by ten different British aircraft companies, making it the most successful of Shorts' pre- World War II aircraft.
However, the ship had already been crippled by a torpedo fired by the British submarine E However, on 17 August , another Turkish ship was sunk by a torpedo of whose origin there was no doubt. On this occasion Flight Commander Edmonds torpedoed a Turkish transport ship a few miles north of the Dardanelles.
His formation colleague, Flt Lt G B Dacre , was forced to land on the water owing to engine trouble but, seeing an enemy tug close by, taxied up to it and released his torpedo, sinking the tug.
Without the weight of the torpedo Dacre was able to take off and return to the Ben-My-Chree. A Short , aircraft number ,  was the only British aircraft to take part in the Battle of Jutland.
Trewin as observer, the aircraft was launched from HMS Engadine at about 3. The unrestored forward section of the fuselage is now an exhibit in the Fleet Air Arm Museum. The aircraft served in most theatres of the war. In terms of visuals alone, the Scatter Slots has to be the best slot game if not one of the best.
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